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Cette page est réalisé par:
www.lamaisonenpaille.com
Des résultats des nombreuses testes réalisés dans des différentes pays
font l'objet du livre "Concevoir des bâtiments en bottes de paille".
image livre


TESTS - Réalisés sur la construction en bottes de paille:

FRANCE

- Les pv des essais sur la construction en paille par le Réseau Français de la Construction en Paille

- L'incendie qui autorise à construire en paille des ERP sur deux étages financé par la région PACA
Article 'Le Moniteur'

Vidéo | pdf
Un essai incendie réalisé au CSTB sur une paroi en caissons isolés avec des bottes de paille a permis de démontrer que la paille peut satisfaire le règlement de sécurité contre l'incendie relatif aux établissements recevant du public. Chronique d'un feu de paille qui va peut-être changer la face des établissements recevant du public.
Juin 2007, les architectes Sonia Cortesse et Bernard Dufournet, associés au bureau d'études Gaujard Technologie Scop, viennent de remporter l'appel d'offres lancé par la ville d'Issy-les Moulineaux (92) pour construire la nouvelle école primaire et maternelle, un bâtiment sur deux étages qui devra être passif.... Lire l'article dans 'Le Moniteur'


- Utilisation des matériaux renouvelables en parois de maisons individuelles à ossature bois. 2003
Expérimentations en Laboratoire et Instrumentation in situ. Ces tests (Bottes de Paille et Chaux-Chanvre) ont été effectué pour la réalisation de deux bâtiments qui ont été commandé par la municipalité de Montholier dans le Jura.
Le rapport est disponible  en ligne

Dans une conférence pendant le Forum Construction Paille au Lambon Samuel Courgey nous à partagé ses conclusions de ce projet et son point de vue sur la réglementation pour les professionnels. Ce conférence est disponible en ligne chez www.compaillons.fr


Réalisé par :


CEBTP
DIVISION PRODUITS DE LA CONSTRUCTION
Domaine de St. Paul
102 Route de Limours
78471 St. REMY DE LES CHEVREUSE
DIRECTION SCIENTIFIQUE
Responsable : M. GRELAT
http://www.cebtp-solen.com

ARCANNE
Rue de Vaulgrenant
39330 Pagnoz
Responsable : M. Samuel COURGEY
EMAIL

A venir: http://www.arcanne.fr.st

 


Financé par :

FEDERATION FRANCAISE DU BATIMENT
ADEME,
Responsable : M. Philippe LEONARDON
http://www.ffbatiment.fr/


________________________________________________________________________________________

CANADA 

Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/
CMHC
Suite 1000

700 Montreal Road
Ottawa ON K1A OP7
Canada
tel (613)1-800-668-2642

- Effect of Mesh and Bale Orientation on the Strength of Straw Bale Walls
200? (pas encore disponible en français)
www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/chic-ccdh/Research_Reports-Rapports_de_recherche/eng_unilingual/EFFECT_of_Mesh(W).pdf

- Propriétés de résistance à l’humidité du plâtre et du stucco pour les bâtiments aux murs 
en ballots de paille

par John Straube, 1999, University of Waterloo
Dept of Civil Engineering and School of Architecture, University of Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 CANADA
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/fr/rh-pr/tech/00-132_f.pdf

- Étude sur la teneur en eau des murs des maisons en ballots de paille
par Rob Jolly, 2000
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/fr/rh-pr/tech/00-103-F.htm

- Étude pilote de contrôle de l'humidité des maisons en ballots de paille
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/fr/amquablo/masadedu/masa/mabapa/mabapa_001.cfm

- La consommation d’énergie dans les maisons en ballots de paille
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/fr/rh-pr/tech/tech02-115-f.html

- L'utilisation de bois dans la construction de maisons en ballots de paille
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/fr/rh-pr/tech/tech02-116-f.html

- Systèmes muraux non traditionnels pour les petits immeubles
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/fr/rh-pr/tech/02-132-f.html

D'autres tests sont disponible sur : http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/

________________________________________________________________________________________

 

ANGLAIS :


Feu - Republique Tcheque - Union Européenne (2011)
A specimen of a plastered loadbearing strawbale wall, a 3 m square 0.58 m thick has been subjected to a standard fire test
in June 201. The inner (heated) side has been earth-plastered (5 cm), the outer side had a lime plaster (3 cm). Bales had 77 kg/m3 originally and 93 kg/m3 when fixed in the specimen.  During the test, the load on the specimen had been 12 kN/m (so, like 360 kg on the whole specimen). The wall had endured for 144 min, test was stopped then due to the vertical deformation exceeding the allowed limit (this happend shortly after a large part of the earth plaster fell down).
Another pair of specimens has been tested as well, one of them using strawbales as insulation (41 cm thick) in a wooden construction, earth plastered, loaded by 20 kN/m. This test had to be finished after 69 min due to a failure of the other specimen; the strawbale-filled one remained almost intact. So it had been declared to comply with requirements for at least 60 min.
For a longer text on the issue, with some images and with all needed URLs, including those to the protocols, see  http://amper.ped.muni.cz/jenik/straw/tests/FiretestStrawCZ.pdf

Testes en Danemark
http://lithgow-schmidt.dk/isbbc/files/presentations/jma_slides_halmhuse.pdf

Test de feu en Australie
http://www.earthgarden.com.au/strawbale/fire_test.html

(1) The Building Official’s Guide to Straw Bale Construction
By Kelly Lerner et Pamela Wadsworth Goode
Published by the California Straw Building Association - CASBA
A commander:
http://www.strawbuilding.org/

- ASTM E72 Compression Test of Plastered Straw-Bale Walls
Matt Fitzgerald Grandsaert, 1999, University of Colorado at Boulder, sponsored by StrawCrafters and the California Straw Building Association.

- ASTM E72 80 Compressive, Transverse and Racking Tests of Load-Bearing Walls
John Carrick BE, the New South Wales Environemental Protection Agency and John Glassford at the Building Research Centre of the University of New South Wales, Australia, 1998

- Straw Bale Bending and Cement Plaster/Straw Bale Bond Testing
Jonathan Boynton, 1999, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo.

- In-Plane Lateral Loading of a Stuccoed Straw-Bale Walls
Nathan White and Clint Iwanicha, 1997, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo.

- Straw Bale Vault Test
Designed by David Marr, structural engineer and Skillfull Means Architecture and Construction. Conducted by Bill Rothacher and Doug Stark of Consolidated Engineering Laborotries (CEL), 1998, Berkeley California.
http://www.skillful-means.com/strawbale/papers/vault_report.htm
http://www.strawbuilding.org/tech/archtest.htm

- page Canadien avec div. info http://www.strawbalebuilding.ca/documents.shtml

- Compressive and Lateral Loading of Straw-Bale Walls
By Ghailene Bou-Ali, 1993, University of Arizona.

- Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Straw Bales as They Relate to a Straw House
Conducted by the Canadian Society of Agricultural Engineering, 1993, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.

- Straw-Bale Construction Moisture Research
by Joanna Karl, Lis Perlman and Bill Kownacki, 1995, Portland, Community College

- E-119 Small Scale Fire Test
by SHB AGRA, 1993 New Mexico.

- Thermal Performance of Straw Bale Walls
by Nehemiah Stone and Tav Cummins, 1999, California Energy Commission.

 

(2a) EBNet Conference CD-ROM
A commander: www.ecobuildnetwork.org

- Straw-Bale Shear Wall Lateral Load Test
Jason Nichols and Stan Raap, 2000, California Polytechnic State University, San Luis Obispo, Architectural Engineering Dept.

- For the land of Camels: A Straw Bale Test Wall for Seventeen Foot High Ceiling Structures in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
By Chris Stafford, Christopher Stafford Architects, Inc., Port Townsend, Washington.

- A pilot Study Examining the Strength, Compressibility and Serviceability of Rendered Straw Bale Walls fro Two Storey Load Bearing Construction

by Micheal Faine and Dr.John Zhang, 2000, University of Western Sydney, Australia.
EMAIL

- Preliminary Report on the Out-of-plane Testing of an 8x8ft Straw Bale/PISE Wall Panel
by David Arkin and Kevin Donahue, 2001 Mill Valey, California

- Straw Bale Construction: A Review of Testing & Lessons Learned to Date
by Bruce King, 2001

- A Status Report on the Greening of Building Codes and Standards
by David Eisenberg, 2001

- Alternative Building Materials and Systems – Understanding Technical Risk and Uncertainty
by John Straube, 2001



(2b) EBNet Tests to download:
Support
You are welcome to download any and all of the test reports and research summaries listed below, and we hope you find them useful. Please be aware, however, that these reports--despite having been supported by grant funding--were generated only with an enormous outpouring of unpaid effort by EBNet and the project participants. We intend to improve and expand upon the June tests, but can only do so with continued support. We ask that you make a donation to EBNet in proportion to the value you receive from this work, and suggest at least $2 per page received. Checks can be made out and sent to:

The Tides Center / Ecological Building Network
209 Caledonia St.
Sausalito, CA 94965 USA


STRUCTURAL TESTS
-
Load-Bearing Straw Bale Construction A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
A summary of worldwide testing and experience
Bruce King, PE

- Properties of Earth, Lime, and Lime-cement Plasters
A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
Compressive strength, Modulus of Rupture, shrinkage, erosion, and Modulus of Elasticity.

- Bearing on bales plastered 2 sides -- COMING SOON
Measure the bearing capacity of single bale "miniwalls" with different types of mesh & plaster, flat & on edge.

- Mesh bond development -- COMING SOON
Find out how much different meshes need to overlap in different plasters so as to transfer load.

- Mesh tension and shear at wood plates -- COMING SOON
Determine the strength of various meshes with various fastenings pulled parallel and perpendicular to plate.

- Load-bearing and Creep
A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
Long-term deflection on walls with different combinations of plaster and load.

- Out of plane load on wall A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
Capacity of walls with different combinations of plaster and mesh to resist load perpendicular to the face.

- In-Plane Cyclic Tests of Plastered Straw Bale Wall Assemblies
A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
Capacity of walls with different combinations of plaster and mesh to resist load parallel to the face.

MOISTURE TESTS
-
Monitoring Ridge Winery
A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
The Ridge Winery building near Healdsburg, California is probably the largest straw bale structure in the world. It has rice bale walls up to 23 feet high, coatings of many different types of earthen and lime plasters, and many different moisture loading conditions (such as barrel rooms maintained at a high humidity and cool temperature next to hot, dry outside air). We installed temperature & moisture sensors in 60 wall locations which are wired to a microprocessor accessible by Dr. John Straube via modem. Dr. Straube is monitoring conditions in the wall, and will issue an interim report and analysis in June.

- Moisture and Thermal Conditions for Degradation of Rice Straw A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
12/10/2003
Matt Summers at the University of California Davis School of Agricultural Engineering is completing a Ph.D thesis on straw degradation. This work consists of isolating identical samples of rice and wheat straw under controlled conditions of temperature and humidity, then monitoring decay as evidenced by carbon dioxide production. This gives us baseline information about conditions under which straw will "go off", in the parlance of straw bale building. Wheat straw data will be available in early 2004 for comparison against performance of rice straw and hay.

Future work at UC Davis will identify the specific biological organisms (e.g. mold spores) whose activity constitutes what we call decay. EBNet will also report that work as it is published.

- Moisture properties of straw and plaster/straw assemblies A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
Tests individual bales of straw, or plastered samples of straw, for capillarity (tendency to wick water up or sideways), permeability (tendency to allow migration of water), and sorption isotherms (ability to hold quantities of water like a sponge).

OTHER REPORTS
-
Fire A télécharcher chez :
www.ecobuildnetwork.org
No new testing was done, but results of an ASTM one hour fire test conducted a few years back, and as yet unpublished, are assembled and reported. Previous fire and flame spread tests, as well as field experience with fire problems, are also referenced and discussed.

- Thermal Performance of Straw Bale Wall Systems
A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org
No new testing was done; results of previous thermal tests, particularly the most referenced one from Oak Ridge National Labs, are reviewed, analyzed, and discussed in a summary report.

Building Codes
The recently revised version of SB 332, aka the California Straw Bale Building Code, is now viewable on the California Senate website
A télécharcher chez : www.ecobuildnetwork.org. Based on the information we have gained in the testing program, as well as field experience to date, we will develop a model building code useful for both seismic and non-seismic areas, and will publish it as an appendix in the textbook next year.

EBNet testing is continuing
: www.ecobuildnetwork.org


(3) Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC)
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/
CMHC
Suite 1000

700 Montreal Road
Ottawa ON K1A OP7
Canada
tel (613)1-800-668-2642

- Moisture Properties of Plaster and Stucco for Strawbale Buildings
by John Straube, 1999, University of Waterloo
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/en/rh-pr/tech/00-132_e.pdf

- Propriétés de résistance à l’humidité du plâtre et du stucco pour les bâtiments aux murs 
en ballots de paille

by John Straube, 1999, University of Waterloo
Dept of Civil Engineering and School of Architecture, University of Waterloo
Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1 CANADA
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/fr/rh-pr/tech/00-132_f.pdf
www.BuildingSolutions.ca


- Straw Bale House Moisture Research
by Rob Jolly, 2000

http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/en/rh-pr/tech/00-103_e.pdf
http://www.baubiologie.at/asbn/literatur.html

- Bibliography on straw bale housing (En/ Fr)
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/Library/whpu/loader.cfm?url=/commons
pot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=14297

- Pilot Study of Moisture Control in Stuccoed Straw Bale Walls – CMHC
by Bob Platts, 1997
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/en/imquaf/hehosu/stbawa/stbawa_001.cfm

- Energy Use In Straw Bale Houses
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/en/rh-pr/tech/tech02-115-e.html

- Wood Usage in Straw Bale House Construction
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/en/rh-pr/tech/tech02-116-e.html

- Alternative Wall Systems for Low-Rise Housing
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/publications/en/rh-pr/tech/02-132-e.html


More tests are available
http://www.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/

Straw-Clay
http://www03.cmhc-schl.gc.ca/b2c/b2c/mimes/pdf/63928.pdf 

(4) University of Manitoba
3 papers are available from:
Department of Biosystems Engineering
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 5V6
Canada
http://www.umanitoba.ca/faculties/afs/biosystems_engineering/overview.html


- Design Dead Load of a Straw Bale Wall
by E. Arbour, 2000

- Design Approach for Load Bearing Strawbale Walls
by K.J. Dick and M.G. Britton, 2002

- Resistance to Shear in Stuccoed Straw Bale Walls
by Lisa Stepnuk, 2002

(5) Other test documents  (probably for sale)

-
House of Straw: Straw Building Comes of Age, 1995
Only available online:
http://www.djc.com/news/en/11144314.html

-
Straw Bale Exterior Pinning Report
by Sustainability International, 1998
Contact: Bob Bolles to purchase copies EMAIL

-
Moisture Control in Strawbale Homes: Report to Ontario Building Code Commission
by John Straube, 1999
Contact: Engineering Group, Civil Engineering Department, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada.
Tel. 519 888-4567, ext 2378

-
Community-Built Housing Solution: A Model Strawbale Home Design
by D. Riley, G. MacRae and J.C Ramirez, 1998
Contact: Prof. David Riley, Dept of Architectural Engineering, Penn State, 104 Engineering Unit A, University Park, PA 16802, USA.
Tel. 814-863-2079 EMAIL

- Moisture in Straw Bale Housing – Nova Scotia
by S.H.E. Consultants, 1998
Contact: S.H.E. ConsultantsRR#3, Comp 308, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada.
Tel. 902-542-3518

- Investigation of Environmental Impacts: Straw Bale Construction
by Ann V. Edminster
Contact: Ann Edminster, 115 Angelita Ave, Pacifica, CA 94044
EMAIL

- Evaluation of a Straw Bale Composite Wall
by Edwin R. Schmeckpepper and Joe Allen, 1999.
Contact: Joe Allen, PE Allen Engineering, 917-10th Street, Clarkson, WA 99403

-Thermal Performance Test - Rotatable Guarded Hot Box (ASTM C 0236)
by Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) http://www.ornl.gov/
http://www.ornl.gov/~roofs/StrawBale/strawtest.html

- Straw-bale construction outstanding in CSIRO bushfire test
http://www.users.bigpond.com/brookman/bushfireTest.htm

- Refining Straw Bale R-values
http://hem.dis.anl.gov/eehem/99/990306.html

- Insulative Values for Straw Bale Construction
http://www.uvm.edu/

- Acoustical Characterization of Straw Bales as Structural Elements
by Carl J. Mas and E. Carr Everbach
Dept. of Engineering
Swarthmore College
500 College Ave.
Swarthmore, PA 19081
Acoustical Society of America
http://www.acoustics.org/press/130th/lay03.html

- The Thermal Insulating Value of Straw Bales for Construction
1993, by Joseph McCabe. EMAIL

A collection of mostly Canadian links to additional straw bale information: http://www.harvesthomes.ca/links.htm

German: 

At the Austrian StrawBale Network (ASBN)) www.baubiologie.at :
- Wandsystem aus Nachwachsenden Rohstoffen – die Strohballenwand
 Projektbericht: Haus der Zukunft http://www.baubiologie.at/asbn/hausderzukunft.html
(Download)
 
-Projektergebnissen zu Brandwiderstand, Brennbarkeit, Wärmedämmleitwert, bauphysikalischen Berechnungen und einer Beschreibung des mobilen Prüflabors
Projekt der GrAT/TU Wien gem. mit ASBN und IBO (Österr. Institut für Baubiologie und - ökologie); . PDF-Dokument für Acrobat Reader (Windows und Mac), deutsch.
With short English text (Download)

- Die Zertifikaten extra (JPG oder PDF):
http://www.baubiologie.at/download/zertifikate/b2.html
http://www.baubiologie.at/download/zertifikate/F90.html
http://www.baubiologie.at/download/zertifikate/lambda.html

- Strohballen-Belastungstest von Arch. Werner Schmidt, CH (Download)

Belastungstests mit 3 u. 6 Tonnen ergaben im Schnitt 7 cm Kompression bei einem 74 cm (Groß-)Ballen. siehe Grafik bzw. eine weitere Beschreibung zum Strohballenhaus in Dissentis

German report "fire tests for strawbale construction" translated into English.
These comprehensive tests were initiated by the German Strawbale
Building Association (FASBA) and were conducted at the "Material Testing
Authority For The Construction Industry (Institute For Materials, Solid
Construction And Fire Protection)" in Braunschweig, Germany in 2003. The
tests confirm a fire rating of F90 and meet German Construction
Regulations/Standards, which are quite tough compared to some other
countries.

If you are interested in a copy of this test report please contact us by
phone or e-mail. For a fee of Australian $185.00 we will provide you
with a copy of the original German report plus a copy of the certified
English translation. The document also includes 10 attachments showing
tables and diagrams of the test results. The money will help pay for our
expenses (the certified translation, copies of the document, postage &
handling) plus a donation to FASBA will be made with each copy sold.

http://www.strawtec.com.au



Danemark:

Fire resistance, Humidity and Thermal performance of a Straw Bale wall &
performance of a mussel shell foundation
(Download)

http://data.brs.gov.au/mapserv/biomass/factsheets/CADDET299art9.pdf
http://amper.ped.muni.cz/strawbale/2004-September.txt
http://amper.ped.muni.cz/straw/msg00065.html
http://www.webace.com.au/~agstraw/Denmark.html

SB test Denmark

http://data.brs.gov.au/mapserv/biomass/factsheets/CADDET299art9.pdf
http://amper.ped.muni.cz/strawbale/a/msg00037.html
http://amper.ped.muni.cz/strawbale/2004-September.txt
http://amper.ped.muni.cz/straw/msg00065.html
http://www.webace.com.au/~agstraw/Denmark.html

Paper:
- Moisture Barriers in Straw-bale Construction
http://www.skillful-means.com/strawbale/papers/moisture.htm


Timber Frame:
- Full-scale fire tests a six story timber and frame building
Report and video-presentation of Dr. Vahik Enjily from the Centre for Timber Technology
and Construction, Building Research Establishment, UK (BRE: www.bre.co.uk)



(6)Video


by Black Range Films, 1996. www.strawbalecentral.com
- Straw Bale Code Testing
- Arizona Compression and Lateral Loading Test
- Nova Scotia Moisture Reading, 1993
- New Mexico Lateral Load and E-119 Fire Tests
(
http://www.dcat.net/resources/ASTM_E119.pdf)


Vous trouverez une autre liste de testes sur http://www.strawbalebuilding.ca/documents.shtml